- Adding a new node in the binary tree should not violate the properties of the binary tree
- the root value is checked with the root node
- case 1: If the new node value is less than the root value traversing should be done left subtree.
- case 2: If the new node value is greater than the root value traversing should be done right subtree.
- The search pointer moves down until it reaches the leaf node. the insertion function requires time proportional
**o(log n)**time to execute in the average it lakes**o(n)**

lets look into one example:

#### insert 41 in the below binary tree

step 1: compare 41 with the root node 35. (41>35)41 is greater than 35 so traversal should be done on the right subtree

step 2:compare 41 with root node 43. (41<43) 41 is lesser than 43 so traversal should be done on the left sub tree

step 3: compare 41 with root node 39. (41>39) 41 is greater than 39 so traversal should be done on the right subtree, but there is no sub-nodes for the root node, a new node should be inserted as a right subtree